A person’s testicles are two walnut-shaped sex glands that produce sperm and the testosterone hormone.
The testicles are the primary male reproductive organs.
They have two, very important functions that are very important to the male reproductive system: producing sperm and secreting testosterone.
They sit inside a sac of skin that lies below the penis called the scrotum.
When a person has testicular cancer, malignant cells have developed in the tissue of one or both testicles.
The most common symptom of testicular cancer is a lump on your testicle.
However, that’s not the only sign of this disease.
Testicular cancer symptoms
Early signs of testicular cancer may include:
A lump or enlargement in either testicle
A feeling of heaviness in the scrotum
A dull ache in the abdomen or groin
A sudden collection of fluid in the scrotum
Pain or discomfort in a testicle or the scrotum
Enlargement or tenderness of the breasts
You may also experience breathing difficulties and other signs of a blood clot in your legs or other bodily parts, which requires urgent medical attention.
“When a tumour spreads to the lymph node, it can constrict blood flow in the veins and result in a blood clot,” explains the Cleveland Clinic.
The health site added: “The clots often occur in the legs, which causes them to swell.
“You might even experience blood clot symptoms such as pain and difficulty breathing.”
How to check your testicles for cancer
Stand in front of a mirror and check if you can see anything unusual like any swelling on the skin.
Feel the size and weight of each testicle. You may notice that one testicle is larger or hangs lower than the other. This is completely normal.
Get to know the feel of your testicles by rolling each one between your fingers and thumb. They should feel smooth, without any lumps or swellings.
Compare your testicles with each other – get to know any differences between them.
Is testicular cancer very treatable?
The NHS said: “Almost all men who are treated for testicular germ cell tumours are cured, and it’s rare for the condition to return more than five years later.
The national health body continued: “Treatment almost always includes the surgical removal of the affected testicle (orchidectomy or orchiectomy), which does not usually affect fertility or the ability to have sex.
“In some cases, chemotherapy or, less commonly, radiotherapy may be used for seminomas (but not non-seminomas).”
A seminoma is a slower form of testicular cancer affecting the testes, usually found in men in their 40s and 50s.